3x Lens Test Now Online

Just posted a 3x comparison online, the is a brand new test and includes the following lenses:

Canon 35MM f/2.8 Macrophoto Lens
Canon-MP-E 65mm f/2.8 1-5x Macro Photo Lens
Minolta DiMAGE Scan Elite 5400 Scanner Lens
Mitutoyo M Plan Apo 5X 0.14 objective @ 3x
Nikon 3x Measuring Microscopes Objective
Olympus Zuiko Auto-Macro 38mm f2.8 <not incl. in the above image>
Qioptiq Mag.x LD Plan APO 5x / 0.20 Objective @ 3x
Schneider Kreuznach Componon S 50mm f/3.5 Fixed Aperture lens
Tominon 35mm f/4.5 Lens

The biggest surprise was the performance of the Minolta Elite 5400 lens. The Qioptiq and Mitutoyo come out on top but the Minolta is surprisingly close to the M Plan. You can see all the details here: https://www.closeuphotography.com/3x-lens-test

Tube Lens Test 2018

The performance of 18 tube lenses compared with the Mitutoyo 5x M Plan APO infinity-corrected objective has just been uploaded. This was a huge project that revealed some big surprises.

Check it out here on Closeuphotography.com:


Lenses compared:

Thorlabs ITL200 Tube Lens
Mitutoyo MT-1 Tube lens
Nikon MXA20696 Tube Lens
Reichert Microscope Tube Lens

Canon 250D Close-up Lens
Century Precision Optics +4 Achromatic Diopter Lens
Century Precision Optics +7 Achromatic Diopter Lens
Cosina MMA Matched Macro Adapter Lens
Raynox +4.8 diopter (43mm x 0.5 mount)
Raynox +5.9 diopter
(37mm x 0.5 mount)
Raynox +8 diopter (43mm x 0.5 mount)
Sigma LSA Life Size Attachment Lens

Asahi  Pentax Tele-Takumar 200mm f/5.6
Carl Zeiss Tele-Tessar T* 200mm f/3.5 Lens
Nikkor 135mm f/3.5 Ai Lens
Nikkor 200mm f/4 Ai Lens
Sigma 150mm F2.8 EX DG OS HSM APO Macro Lens
Voigtlander APO-Lanthar 125mm f/2.5 Macro Lens

Cosina Voigtlander Factory Tour

Last week during my Japan winter wildlife tour, I visited the Cosina lens factory in Japan.  Since I own Voigtlander lenses made at this facility, it was one of the highlights of this year's trip. After years of running tours for Japanese speakers only, I was told that my english speaking group was the first there as a trial run.


Cosina is a Japanese lens manufacturer, that is renowned for their and assembled high-end lenses. The most recognizable name brand that Cosina produces is the Zeiss lens line. All Otus, Milvus, Classic, and ZM Leica mount lenses are made in Japan by Cosina. Another well known high-end lens brand made by Cosina is the legendary Voigtlander lens line. Most notably, they made the Voigtlander SL lenses including the famous Voigtlander Macro APO-Lanthar 125mm F2.5 SL lens, and one of the CV lenses that I personally own. A detailed review of the CV 125mm and comparison of image quality is available here, https://www.closeuphotography.com/voigtlander-apo-lanthar-125mm-lens/, on Closeuphotography.com


There are a total of four Cosina manufacturing facilities in Japan, my group and I were invited to the headquarters and lens assembly facility near Nagano,  just 30 minutes from the famous snow monkey park, and about 10 minutes from our hotel in Shibu Onsen, thank you, Mr. Yamada-san.


When we arrived as scheduled, we had three Cosina staff members waiting for us. We were moved into an upstairs conference room lined with cases of all the products Cosina has made over the years, including all of the Zeiss and Voigtlander lines, but also many low-end, but well known lenses, like the Vivitar Series 1 line, and some specialized equipment, like those made for use in satellites. Here the lens making process was explained to us step-by-step. We were told about glass producing, preparation, grinding, polishing, coating, edge anti-reflection coating, called "ink coating" and finally lens centering and MTF testing.


At this facility they make all of the metal parts used in Zeiss and Voigtlander lenses, including smallest rings and internal parts, even the screws used in the lenses are made here. They take aluminum and brass and mill, anodize, and assembled the parts as a finished lens here in this factory. 


Before being moved downstairs to the ground floor, we were told that photography would not be allowed during the rest of the tour.  We were also warned that the factory floor might be coated with lubricant, and it was, but this was okay, this is a factory right? We were led into a corridor, where a dozen technicians were busy working with dozens of custom designed end-milling machines. Our guide took us into one of the rooms where lettering was being engraved into aperture rings for what appeared to be for a Voigtlander f/0.95 lens. We were able to handle the rings, but unfortunately we were not able to take any as souvenirs. Our guide told us that it can take up to 5 minutes to process one ring, where the normal silkscreen printing that other manufacturers use, takes less than 5 seconds per piece.

We were led into another room that was milling Nikon F-mounts out of a large hunks of brass. We were allowed to hold the pieces for a close-up look and they had a very nice weight, and were beautifully machined.

Next, we were led into a room where a technician was working next to a table with dozens of anodized inner and outer focus helicoids. We watched, as he painted on a grey compound and worked a pair of barrels back and forth. Focus helicoids are made with threads that use higher precision than normal screw threads, but still, there can be tiny differences in the matched parts. This could result in a  small changes in resistance, that may be detected by the user's touch. It's the technician's job to use his years of experience, in this case 40 years' of experience, to turn the mating parts back and forth, until the parts have the perfect silky smooth action, not too tight, and not too loose. We are talking about precision, not in millimeters, but in microns. Each helicoid pair is unique and it can take anywhere from 4 to 40 turns, to get it just right, the technician told us. At Cosina, every lens that leaves the factory with the focus helicoids lapped by a master craftsman before final assembly. 

The tour really opened my eyes to the impressive work that Cosina does. Unlike Zeiss, Leica, Nikon, Canon, or almost any other brand, Cosina still makes their own glass, makes the entire lens, start to finish, including all of the parts, down to the fasteners using their own designs. Unlike Canon, Nikon and Sony, all Cosina manufacturing takes in Japan.

Cosina has remained under-the-radar over the years, avoiding attention to their main business, which is OEM manufacturing. While most lens brands advertise their skills at making lenses only to outsource the manufacturing, Cosina has been quietly making high-end lenses for these companies over the years. These high-end lenses are made using much tighter tolerances and fit than the mass produced motorized AF lenses made by other brands.

Cosina has been active lately with new designs in their own APO-Lanthar line with the new Voigtlander Apo- Lanthar 65 mm f/2 Aspherical 1:2 Macro lens for Sony E-mount. A detailed review and image quality test of the Apo-Lanthar 65 will be available here https://www.closeuphotography.com/voigtlander-apo-lanthar-65-mm-f2-macro-lens-test/on Closeuphotography.com (this page will be updated soon with much more information)

At the CP+ show in Japan in March 2018, Voigtländer announced three new lenses for Sony E-mount, including very interesting Voigtländer Macro APO-Lanthar 110mm f/2.5! It's great to see Cosina getting back to producing new Voigtlander macro lenses as they did in the old days, before they started manufacturing the ZE and ZF lens line for Zeiss.

The Cosina Voigtlander lenses are known for high-end image quality and superb build quality, but these are not the only factors that make these lenses so attractive. These high-end lenses are realistically priced at a level that an average photographer can afford.

I hope you enjoyed this brief recap of our factory tour as much as I enjoyed taking it. On behalf of myself and my photo group I'd like to sincerely thank Mr Yamada-san and the Cosina staff for making it possible and for the time they spent with us.

For more information on Cosina, and Voigtlander:


The Cosina Voigtlander and Zeiss lens lines: